Bacterial vaginosis is the occurrence of mild infection in the vagina, causing it to become inflamed from itching as well as having a smelly discharge. Bacterial vaginosis can be classified as a mild disease, however, if untreated, it can eventually lead to a more serious one. Vaginal infection can be treated at home, especially if its symptoms are mild. In fact, some cases of bacterial vaginosis eventually go away in time. This however doesn't mean that it is not going to occur again.
Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is not hard. In fact, symptoms may not appear during the early stage. However, physical symptoms are commonly present, which can help you determine whether you should treat it at home or see a doctor.
When seeing a doctor, a MED tech will normally take a look at the vagina for any irregularity in its physical form. Aside from this, they will also gather samples of vaginal fluid to be brought to the laboratory for proper testing.
Symptoms of vaginal infection:
Vaginal infection doesn't always show symptoms. In fact, most women don't know they have it until after they visited their gynecologist. Depending on the type of bacteria, the following can be observed when someone has a vaginal infection:
- Significant vaginal discharge that is normally accompanied by a foul odor.
- Pain during urination (Most commonly a burning sensation)
- Itching in the vaginal area (In and outside)
- A fishy discharge especially after having intercourse
Prevention of Bacterial vaginosis:
- Avoid multiple sex partners. Your chance of having a vaginal infection when practicing multiple sex partners increases up to 85% of the time. If your sexual practices don't include safe and protected sex, this may increase up to 100% of risk.
- Avoid regular douching. Although douching is considered to be one of the remedies for vaginal infection, regular practice of douching can also be harmful. The vagina's normal pH balance becomes depleted over time. This can lead to extreme exposure to infection.
Home remedies for bacterial vaginosis:
- Keep it dry and ventilated. Vaginal infection can occur when there's constant moist around the vaginal area. Doctors recommend wearing cotton underwear that is not tight to keep the area dry and clean.
- Avoid sharing your bathing stuffs. This is to avoid others from contacting the disease as well as preventing you from other bacteria too.
- Make sure not to use soap and feminine hygiene during infection. Their alcohol and chemical content will trigger more irritation to the affected area.
- Try using mild vinegar to clean and disinfect the area. This helps in maintaining the area's normal pH balance while instantaneously using a natural aid to treat the infected area.
- Lie down in the tub or if you don't have one you can do this anywhere you can properly lay down. Make sure that you put a towel under your buttocks to help elevate your hips.
- Open your legs and aim it to your vagina by carefully inserting the nozzle deep inside before you let the fusion flow in. Once inside, hold your vaginal lips together to keep the solution from flowing out. Do this for 10 minutes.
- Using plain yoghurt is another step in treating bacterial vaginosis. While you regularly eat yoghurt as a medical aid, it is best used when you can apply at least two teaspoons of plain yoghurt to the affected area. The live lactobacillus present in yoghurt is a good remedy for vaginal infection. You can also use this as a douche by dissolving it in warm water.
- Some doctors will treat you with certain types of suppositories that may tend to be a little bit expensive when bought from the drugstore. Try using boric acid, those that come in capsules and use it as a suppository. Depending on the severity of the infection, you can use this once a day or twice every week.
- The antifungal properties of garlic will help you fight off yeast infection. By consuming at least two cloves of it, whether you eat plain or mix it with your food, it will help ease the infection.
- Practice safe sex. One of the most common causes of acquiring bacterial vaginosis is unsafe sex. Make your partner wear condom in order to protect both of you from such infection.
Bacterial vaginosis is curable, whether by means of home remedies or the antibiotic given by your doctor. Vaginal infection may occur again even after treatment, this is why it is very important to treat the area with care to prevent it from contacting the disease again.
Antibiotics used in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis:
Clyndamicin and Metronidazole are the most common antibiotic taken in the treatment of such vaginal infection. This can be taken orally or as a suppository.
What can happen if Bacterial vaginosis is left untreated?
Any abnormality, especially in the vaginal area must be diagnosed immediately to prevent further infection. In the event that it is left untreated the following can occur:
- Your chance of risking Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) is very high.
- If you had sexual intercourse with some infected with HIV, you are at high risk of developing this too.
- The amount of bacteria present in the infection can accumulate and affect the pelvic area making pregnancy at risk.
Pregnant women are not exempted from this type of infection. In fact, there is greater risk in them as well as the baby mostly brought by premature birth and malnourished child. Home remedy for bacterial vaginosis is commonly recommended for pregnant women as a medically induced oral remedy can affect the child.
Microorganisms are normally present in a healthy vagina. This includes lactobacillus, L, crispatus, L. gasseri and L.jensenii. Lactobacilli that is said to eliminate other kinds of vaginal microorganisms are known to be present in hydrogen peroxide-generating group. When this occurs, symptoms of bacterial vaginosis symptoms start to show.
The diversity of microorganisms present in bacterial vaginosis is very complex. It includes mycoplasma hominis, garnerella vaginasis, ureaplasma urealyticum and microorganisms belonging to the group of peptostreptococcus.
Your best defense against the disease is to see your doctor regularly. If this is not the case, you may at one point visit them if the following occurs.
- If it is your first time to experience or acquire the infection. This way, your doctor can diagnose you at an early stage, an important factor in the treatment of the disease.
- If you have experienced this type of infection before, yet seeing different symptoms or if the infection is more severe than in the past.
- If you suspect contacting sexually transmitted disease or have practiced in the past having sex with multiple partners as already mentioned. The STD itself is the medium in contacting bacterial vaginosis thus treatment is a must.
- If you ever tried a home remedy or over the counter pills but still experience the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis over time.
Early detection of this disease can be your best defense against this recurring infection. Once your doctor makes the diagnosis, he will prescribe you the proper medication as well as discuss with you the possible reasons you acquired the infection and the various ways you can avoid it.
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