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Migraine

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Migraine

Migraine

Migraine is an intense throbbing or pulsing sensation in one area of the brain commonly accompanied by nausea, tremendous sensitivity to light and sound, vomiting and aura such as flashes of light, blind spots and tingling in the limbs. This attack may be so severe and cause intense pain for days that it may prompt the victim to think about finding a dark and quiet place to lie down.

Medications approved by a general practitioner can assist in lessening the regularity and severity of migraines and should such medications fail to work, a different migraine headache medication should be given. The correct medicine and home remedies and lifestyle changes may bring significant difference in the victims of migraine.

Symptoms

Migraine headaches habitually start during infancy, puberty or early adulthood. Migraines can develop in four phases although one may not experience all of them. They include prodrome, aura, headache and postdrome. Subtle changes like constipation, depression, food cravings, hyperactivity, irritability, neck stiffness and uncontrollable yawning may be noticed days before a migraine.

Aura may occur prior to or during migraine headaches and may a times be sensory, motor or verbal disturbances. Each of these symptoms generally start slowly, builds up and then lasts for 20 minutes to an hour. Examples of aura are visual phenomena like seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light, vision loss, pins and needles sensations in an arm or leg and aphasia. Migraine also comes with pain on one or both sides of the head, pain that has a pulsating, throbbing quality, sensitivity to light, sounds and sometimes smells, nausea and vomiting, blurred vision, lightheadedness, sometimes followed by fainting

Causes

Notwithstanding the exact method of the headaches, a number of things may trigger migraine. General migraine triggers include hormonal changes in women, certain foods, food additives, drinks, stress and sensory stimuli. Besides, other triggers like changes in wake “ sleep system, certain medications like oral contraceptives, changes in environment and physical factors may provoke migraines.

Risk factors

Several factors make one more vulnerable to having migraines. These include age, family history, hormonal changes like after the onset of menstruation and sex “ women having higher chances than men. The change may also be during pregnancy or menopause, as migraines get better after menopause.

Complications

Sometimes your efforts to control your pain cause abdominal problems, medication over use headaches, serotonin syndrome, chronic migraine, status migrainosus, persistent aura without infarction and migrainous infraction.

Treatment

Migraines can’t be cured, but general practitioners can work to assist one control the condition. A range of medications have been explicitly designed to care for migraines. Also, some drugs used in treating other illnesses also may prevent migraines. Medications used to contain this condition are divided into pain relieving and preventive medications.

Prevention

One qualifies to be a candidate for preventive therapy if she or he experiences four or more debilitating attacks in a month, or if the attacks last more than 12 hours, if the pain relieving medicines do not help or if the symptoms involve a prolonged aura or numbness and weaknesses. These preventive medications should be recommended by a general practitioner to reduce the severity, length and frequency of migraines thereby increasing the effectiveness of symptom relieving drugs. Migraine headaches may result from stress as well. If you feel that your life may be too stressful, finding a way to alleviate stress may help reduce symptoms of migraine headaches as well. Practice calming techniques to soothe your body, mind and soul. Some helpful examples include, exercise, meditation, effective breathing techniques, tai chi and yoga. Aromatherapy and taking warm baths infused with essential oils and Epsom salt may cause short-term relief.

References

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